MI Future Mobility Plan, Pillar 2: Provide Safer, Greener and More Accessible Transportation Infrastructure and Services

The MI Future Mobility Plan is designed to grow Michigan’s mobility leadership, and complement the state’s economic development, workforce, energy, and infrastructure priorities. This is a cross-departmental plan that will enhance communities across the state through responsive policies and dynamic programming that prepares Michigan for the future.


Goal A: By 2030, deploy 100,000 EV chargers to support 2,000,000 EVs and improve access to hydrogen infrastructure.

Charging Initiatives

  • Bolster Charge Up Michigan Program to Accelerate Growth of Charging Infrastructure Statewide: Leverage NEVI funds and other federal/state funding, utility collaborations, and innovative public-private partnership models to deploy EV charging infrastructure along Michigan’s interstates and strategic thoroughfares. This includes creating regulatory rights of way to speed up charging station deployment. And continue to build out signature routes like the Lake Michigan loop to extend around the Great Lakes to reduce range anxiety and stimulate tourism clusters. The state should lead by example and procure 100% zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) vehicles by 2035 for light-duty vehicles, 2045 for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, and coordinate plan for ZEV charging.
  • More Accessible and Equitable Charging Investments and Tools: Develop resource to assist local communities in supporting buildout of EV charging networks. Incentivize buildout in commercially inviable areas. Deploy funds to design local strategic plans for siting EV chargers based on user-experience, and at locations where make-ready infrastructure can be leveraged. Plans should target incentives for retrofitting multi-unit dwellings and offer charging to lower income communities. Finally, the state should take a lead position in developing ADA-compliant accessibility standards for EV chargers.

EV Adoption Initiatives

  • Accelerate Fleet Transition: New incentives to motivate public and private fleet transitions for both passenger and freight vehicles. Rebates and/or tax credits for retirement of ICE vehicles and purchasing of replacement EVs. Provide extra incentives for small and medium businesses, lower-income neighborhoods; and fleets in areas with a history of environmental injustice. Bolster EGLE’s resources for existing programs and expand electric utility fleet electrification and education.
  • New Incentive Tools to Purchase Passenger EVs: Approve and execute a state $2,500 rebate/POS incentive ($2,000 for the vehicle, $500 for charging equipment). The state should fund a statewide rebate program for EVs that aligns with existing programs and complements the existing $7,500 federal credit.
  • More EV Seller Education Tools: Target the total cost of ownership comparison with more robust awareness campaigns. Ensure dealer entities have demonstration EVs and chargers. Work for rebates on consumer-purchased EVs that scale based on household income and the fuel efficiency of any trade-in.

Hydrogen Initiatives

  • Improve Competitiveness for H2 Investment: Nominate more H2 DOE Alternative Fuel Corridors and conduct a study on commercial goods movement to inform future federal grant applications for H2 technology. Continued state support for H2 coalitions around the Midwest and in Canada that benefit Michigan’s carbon neutrality interests. Support H2 R&D and production efforts by private sector partners in-state. Develop state strategy for hydrogen deployment.

Goal B: Maintain at least 80% of EV charging off-peak to minimize impacts on the grid.

Grid Resiliency Initiatives

  • Develop Next-Generation Charging and Energy Storage Testbeds and Deployments: Execute grant programs for battery innovation and charging that align with federal programs. Continue to lead on wireless charging, building on MDOT-Electreon pilot. Create electric utility demand response testbeds paired with grants to couple level 2 and DCFC fast charging installations with managed charging or demand response programs (and onsite renewable energy/storage technologies) that reduce the grid impacts of on-peak charging. Also, create vehicle-to-everything (V2X) testbeds that provide for the testing, valuation, and real-world application of V2X solutions that provide more local and grid-wide capacity, reliability, and resiliency. Pilots would include the testing of various vehicle-to-home, vehicle-to-building, and vehicle-to-grid technologies and business models.
  • Develop Systems and Policy that Address Charger Uptime and Make-Ready Infrastructure: Further enable time-of-use rates or direct controls to reduce charging that could impact local grids. Work to 80% uptime goal by setting an expectation that charging infrastructure malfunctions and repairs should be addressed in 48 hours notice and 2-5 days for complex or significant issues. And develop systems and policy for the reinstatement of demand charges. This would follow demand charge holidays that incentivize the reduction of loads through the rate structure from 2026-2030.
  • Create Better Systems for Tracking Grid-Vehicle Relationships and Increase Public Access to Grid Capacity Data: Increased attention paid to how transportation electrification can negatively and positively impact grid reliability, resilience, and affordability for electric customers. Tie this to utility rate cases. Also, charging infrastructure developers, municipalities, fleet owners, and other stakeholders should have enhanced access to electric distribution system data (e.g., hosting capacity maps). Making this data more accessible will better inform the public of where there is available capacity on the grid to accommodate Level 2, DCFC, Fleet, and other charging infrastructure.

Goal C: Reduce congestion and traffic crash rates statewide by 2026.

Congestion and Safety Initiatives

  • New Funding Tools To Deploy Smart Infrastructure: Provide funding for Michigan’s P3 C-AV laneway development. Fund state’s portal facilitating dig-once policies as precursors to integration of infrastructure asset networks and operations. Scale work zone safety pilots to de-risk vulnerable parts of the state’s transportation system. And leverage road user charging study results to uncover new revenue models around AVs and EVs.
  • Become a National Leader in Supply Chain/Logistics Innovation: Leverage programs like the Michigan Mobility Funding Platform to prove out larger in-state private investment in autonomous last-mile delivery, drones, rail, smart food distribution and other cutting-edge multimodal solutions. Provide grants to mobility companies to develop these use cases. Create use cases to strengthen partnership between Michigan and Ontario.
  • Develop Policy for AV Industries to Innovate Faster: With safety in mind, relax outdated policies and rules related to vehicle design certifications. Allow for deviations in the testing of alternatively designed vehicles. Via R&D incentives, invest in alternative vehicle design development and testing. Relax liability requirements for alternative AV design and real-world testing. And analyze other states’ security laws and regulations, develop requirements for CAV data platform management and cyber security.
  • Advance Timelines on CV2X Infrastructure: Lead the national conversation around funding Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything (CV2X) infrastructure and the office support needed to operate. Do this in a way that prioritizes funding for states that have stranded investments in Digital Short-Range Communications (DSRC or radio) systems. Focus on infrastructure and systems that can facilitate a roundtrip data dialogue of <10miliseconds.

Goal D: Provide residents with consistent access to mobility-as-a-service options across Michigan’s 77 transit agencies by 2025.

Transit-Based Initiatives

  • New Programs that Leverage Technologies to Solve Mobility Barriers: Fund grant programs, like the MDOT Office of Passenger Transportation and Michigan Mobility Funding Platform, that incent companies to bring pilot projects and field offices to Michigan to address urban and rural transit challenges. The State should consider funding or providing matching funds to catalyze innovative projects within SE Michigan transit community, such as Ann Arbor to Detroit commuter rail service and the development of locally preferred bus rapid transit.
  • Develop Smart City Grant Programs: Launch projects with industry like the Detroit Smart Parking Lab, or new assets like curbside monetization platforms or last-mile delivery hubs. The State should also fund pilots to reduce mobility insecurity across the state, which could include funds for car sharing/transit options for mobility insecure populations (low-income housing, the elderly, etc.). Scale OFME and MDOT’s Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) team to support.
  • Create New Transit Tools for Michigan’s Workforce: Push for a commuter tax credit to enable all populations to get to jobs. Deposit funds into transit accounts via common payment applications. Incentives to use ride sharing.
  • Become a National Leader in Transit Payment Systems: The state should develop a mobility wallet – a statewide common payment platform for transit agencies, micro-mobility providers, and other providers. This will enable a base-level of universal mobility that assists all residents and can be an attractive asset in courting new business investment.

Continue Reading

Read about Pillar 1 and Pillar 3 next by clicking on each icon below.