©2016 Michigan Economic Development Corporation

Labor Management Dispute Impacts Local July Jobless Rates

Thursday, August 27, 1998

Jim Tobin
(517) 335-4590

Other Areas With Increased Joblessness The Lansing MSA recorded a 3.4 percentage point increase in the unemployment rate--the second highest--while the Saginaw-Bay-Midland MSA experienced a 2.3 percentage point advance in its unemployment rate--the third highest increase. Along with the Flint area, these areas were heavily impacted by the cutbacks in manufacturing in July. "Despite the increased unemployment rates in July in most major state labor markets, there were only three areas--Flint, Lansing and Saginaw-Bay-Midland--where the unemployment rate was above the July 1997 rate," Rothwell said. Jobless rates also rose in July in the Ann Arbor (+1.1), Detroit (+0.9), Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland (+0.4), and Kalamazoo-Battle Creek (+0.2) MSAs. Unemployment Rate DeclinesThree major state labor markets recorded a decrease in the unemployment rate in July. The Upper Peninsula (UP) experienced the biggest decrease in its unemployment rate with a 1.7 percentage point drop, going from 5.9 percent in June to 4.2 percent in July. The UP was not significantly impacted by the GM strike, and it had gains in construction jobs (+300) and retail (+500). The Benton Harbor and Jackson areas recorded more modest jobless rate reductions as well. Labor Force Levels Consistent; Employment Levels Decline Labor force levels in July were relatively consistent with the June totals. Employment levels in most areas fell due to the loss of jobs in the manufacturing sector. Industry Jobs Fall Sharply According to the monthly survey of employers, seasonally unadjusted industry employment dropped sharply in Michigan in most major labor areas. Industry jobs declined by 142,000, or 3.1 percent, in Michigan. The number of manufacturing jobs fell in July in all major areas except the Upper Peninsula. These declines were substantial and reflected strike-related layoffs. Additional jobs fell in the service industry primarily due to cutbacks in business services. Across the board, employment fell in local education. This was a seasonal decline associated with summer vacations in local schools. Construction jobs were up in several major areas in July. This was the only industry that recorded significant employment gains. A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted July workforce estimates for Michigan and its 10 major labor markets follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates. (Kalamazoo, Calhoun and Van BurenCounties)

Michigan Counties Ranked By Unemployment Rate-July1998
1. GENESEE COUNTY 12.3

2.SHIAWASSEE COUNTY 9.4

3.TUSCOLA COUNTY 8.6

4.GRATIOT COUNTY 7.7

5.CLARE COUNTY 7.6

6.LAPEER COUNTY 7.5

7.SAGINAW COUNTY 7.5

8.CLINTON COUNTY 7.2

9.WEXFORD COUNTY 7.0

10. OSCEOLA COUNTY 6.8

11. IONIA COUNTY 6.6

12. SANILAC COUNTY 6.6

13. DELTA COUNTY 6.6

14. EATON COUNTY 6.6

15. GLADWIN COUNTY 6.5

16. PRESQUE ISLE COUNTY 6.5

17. LAKE COUNTY 6.4

18. BAY COUNTY 6.3

19. MONTMORENCY COUNTY 6.2

20. KALKASKA COUNTY 6.0

21. HILLSDALE COUNTY 6.0

22. NEWAYGO COUNTY 6.0

23. ARENAC COUNTY 5.9

24. ONTONAGON COUNTY 5.7

25. INGHAM COUNTY 5.6

26. WAYNE COUNTY 5.6

27. LUCE COUNTY 5.6

28. IOSCO COUNTY 5.5

29. KEWEENAW COUNTY 5.4

30. OSCODA COUNTY 5.4

31. ST. CLAIR COUNTY 5.3

32. GOGEBIC COUNTY 5.3

33. CALHOUN COUNTY 5.2

34. OGEMAW COUNTY 5.2

35. MONTCALM COUNTY 5.1

36. CHIPPEWA COUNTY 5.1

37. SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY 5.0

38. ROSCOMMON COUNTY 5.0

39. LENAWEE COUNTY 5.0

40. ALCONA COUNTY 4.9

41. BRANCH COUNTY 4.9

42. ALPENA COUNTY 4.9

43. ST. JOSEPH COUNTY 4.4

44. MISSAUKEE COUNTY 4.4

45. OCEANA COUNTY 4.4

46. ANTRIM COUNTY 4.3

47. EMMET COUNTY 4.2

48. MUSKEGON COUNTY 4.2

49. BERRIEN COUNTY 4.1

50. MANISTEE COUNTY 4.1

51. MENOMINEE COUNTY 4.0

52. HURON COUNTY 4.0

54. IRON COUNTY 3.9

55. MONROE COUNTY 3.9

56. MECOSTA COUNTY 3.9

57. MARQUETTE COUNTY 3.8

58. MASON COUNTY 3.8

59. CRAWFORD COUNTY 3.8

60. BARAGA COUNTY 3.7

61. KENT COUNTY 3.6

62. JACKSON COUNTY 3.6

63. BARRY COUNTY 3.5

64. VAN BUREN COUNTY 3.4

65. ALGER COUNTY 3.4

66. DICKINSON COUNTY 3.4

67. CHARLEVOIX COUNTY 3.4

68. CASS COUNTY 3.3

69. LIVINGSTON COUNTY 3.3

70. OAKLAND COUNTY 3.2

71. HOUGHTON COUNTY 3.0

72. OTSEGO COUNTY 3.0

73. OTTAWA COUNTY 3.0

74. KALAMAZOO COUNTY 2.9

75. BENZIE COUNTY 2.8

76. ALLEGAN COUNTY 2.7

77. GRAND TRAVERSE COUNTY 2.6

78. MIDLAND COUNTY 2.5

79. WASHTENAW COUNTY 2.5

80. ISABELLA COUNTY 2.4

81. CHEBOYGAN COUNTY 1.8

82. LEELANAU COUNTY 1.6

83. MACKINAC COUNTY 1.5

July 1998June 1998July 1997
ANN ARBOR MSA (Washtenaw, Lenawee & Livingston Counties)
Civilian Labor Force 295,000294,800292,000
Total Employment 285,700288,800282,500
Unemployment 9,2006,0009,500
Rate 3.12.03.2
Contact: George Mechem, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 241-7286
July 1998June 1998July 1997
BENTON HARBOR MSA (Berrien County)
Civilian Labor Force 84,20084,40084,800
Total Employment 80,800 80,300 80,600
Unemployment 3,4004,1004,200
Rate 4.14.95.0
Contact: Joe Billig, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 782-9755
July 1998June 1998July 1997
DETROIT MSA (Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Monroe,Lapeerand St. Clair Counties)
Civilian Labor Force 2,275,0002,297,0002,283,000
Total Employment 2,171,0002,213,0002,162,000
Unemployment 104,00085,000121,000
Rate 4.63.75.3
Contact: Bruce Weaver, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (313) 876-5981
July 1998June 1998July 1997
FLINT MSA (Genesee County)
Civilian Labor Force 209,900210,000206,300
Total Employment 184,000195,200191,500
Unemployment 25,90014,80014,800
Rate 12.37.17.2
Contact: Sandy St. Cyr, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 776-1508
July 1998June 1998July 1997
GRAND RAPIDS-MUSKEGON-HOLLAND MSA (Kent, Ottawa, Muskegon & Allegan Counties)
Civilian Labor Force 604,700604,700594,200
Total Employment 583,700585,900571,700
Unemployment 21,00018,80022,500
Rate 3.53.13.8
Contact: Leonidas Murembya, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (616)760-1129
JACKSON MSA (Jackson County)
Civilian Labor Force 78,30078,00077,500
Total Employment 75,50075,20074,100
Unemployment 2,8002,9003,400
Rate 3.63.74.4
Contact: Joe Billig, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 782-9755
July 1998June 1998July 1997
,font size=+1>KALAMAZOO-BATTLE CREEK MSA
Civilian Labor Force 232,100232,000233,200
Total Employment 223,500223,900223,100
Unemployment 8,5008,10010,100
Rate 3.73.54.3
Contact: Joe Billig, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 782-9755
July 1998June 1998July 1997
LANSING MSA (Clinton, Eaton and Ingham Counties)
Civilian Labor Force 240,300240,600240,500
Total Employment 225,700234,100232,900
Unemployment 14,6006,6007,600
Rate 6.12.73.2
Contact: George Mechem, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 241-7286
July 1998June 1998July 1997
SAGINAW-BAY-MIDLAND MSA (Saginaw, Bay & Midland Counties)
Civilian Labor Force 204,000205,300203,900
Total Employment 191,500197,400195,300
Unemployment 12,5007,9008,600
Rate 6.13.84.2
Contact: Sandy St. Cyr, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (517) 776-1508
July 1998June 1998July 1997
UPPER PENINSULA LMA (15 Counties)
Civilian Labor Force 158,800157,900158,600
Total Employment 152,100148,600149,700
Unemployment 6,7009,4008,900
Rate 4.25.95.6
Contact: Kathy Salow, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (906) 226-3669
July 1998June 1998July 1997
MICHIGAN
Civilian Labor Force 5,099,0005,112,0005,073,000
Total Employment 4,855,0004,915,0004,822,000
Unemployment 244,000197,000250,000
Rate 4.83.94.9
Contact: Bruce Weaver, MJC/ESA Area Analyst (313) 876-5981